Peat Fire

Fires that occurred in 1997 and 1998 burned a total of 2,124,000 hectares of peat swamp forest. The disaster caused 156.3 million tons of carbon emissions.

At that time, the smoke not only covered neighboring countries, such as Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei Darussalam, but also spread to Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, and Sri Lanka.

Since then, forest and land fires have continued to occur every year with different intensities. In 2015, another big fire broke out, this was during the administration of President Joko Widodo. The disaster was the worst since the 1998 fires. The fires burned around 2.67 million hectares of forest and land, 35 percent of them were peatlands.

Four years later, the Government of Indonesia has tightened regulations for the restoration of degraded areas and for banning the use of fire. However, fires still happen, such as in 2019. At that time, the fires burned about 1.6 million hectares of forest and land of which 31 percent were peat ecosystems.

Let's observe the development of the Indonesian Government's policy on the management and prevention of haze disasters.

Latest Analysis

The government is again wary of the double threat of forest and land fires as well as the COVID-19 pandemic. This vigilance is heightened during the peak of the dry season from August to October 2021 because it becomes a challenge for the government to focus its attention.

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Other Pledge Categories

Peat Restoration

The Indonesian government is focused on restoring peatlands, especially areas that were burned in 2015. The government established a non-structural state institution to focus on addressing the issue of peat restoration and improving several important regulations for peat protection.

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Peat Moratorium

The peat moratorium policy has been in place since 2011 with the aim of improving Indonesia’s peat management. In 2019, President Joko Widodo made this moratorium policy permanent.

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