Types by location

The process of peat formation is influenced by several factors including, its location and surrounding environment.

Types of peat by location


Types of peat based on the environment in which it was formed

  • Topogenous peat, which is located directly above mineral soil (substratum) at the bottom of a basin/lake. Topogenous peatlands are formed in an environment that is influenced by tidal/river runoff. 

  • Ombrogenous peat, formed along with the thickening of the peat layer and increasing level of decomposition of plants that grow on topogenous peat. Ombrogenous peatlands are formed in environments that only depend on rainwater.

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