In the use of forestry land, a range of permits is required to ensure that activities that take place in forests and peatlands are in accordance with the land use designation, and that they comply with environmental regulations and obligations in the concession area.
The following are the types of management and utilization permits on peatlands:
IUPHHK-HA was previously referred to as Forest Concession Rights (HPH). IUPHHK-HA is a business permit to utilize timber forest products in natural/production forests. This permit also regulates activities such as harvesting or felling, planting, maintenance, security, and marketing.
IUPHHK-HTI is a business permit to utilize timber forest products in plantation/production forests. This permit also regulates activities such as land preparation, nursery, planting, maintenance, harvesting, and marketing.
IUPHHK-RE is a business permit to develop an area within a natural/production forest that has an important ecosystem, in order to maintain its functions and representation. Activities regulated in this business permit include maintenance, protection, and restoration of forest ecosystems including planting and enrichment of flora, thinning, animal captivity, fauna release, restoring biological elements (flora and fauna) as well as non-biological elements (soil, climate, and topography) of an area to its original state to achieve a balanced ecosystem.
Right of Use is the right to work on land which is directly controlled by the state for agriculture, fishery, or animal husbandry. The Right of Use can be held by Indonesian citizen, foreigner residing in Indonesia, corporate entities established under Indonesian Law and are based in Indonesia, and foreign companies that have a representative office in Indonesia.
The Right of Use is granted based on government stipulation, a decision on granting rights by the minister (responsible for land/agrarian affairs) or an appointed official. The Right of Use is granted for a period of not longer than 25 years and could be renewed for 25 years. If an enterprise/corporate entity needs a longer period, The Right of Use for not longer than 35 years may be granted. It can be extended twice by 20 years and a further 30 years.