Flood & drought mitigation

One of the advantages of peatland is its ability to reduce the adverse effects of floods and droughts. Its highly absorptive capacity allows the peat to hold water at 450-850% of its dry weight. 

The texture of the peat soil is not dense; hence it is very porous. The size of the pores of peat soil is relatively high, ranging from 70% to 95%, therefore it can hold water at 450-850% of its dry weight or up to 90% of its volume. In other words, peat soils also have a much higher water-retention capacity than mineral soils. 

Its high water-retention capacity enables peat ecosystem to absorb water and helps withstand flood during the rainy season. Meanwhile during the dry season, it can release water into the river and surrounding areas to cope with droughts.

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