Fire management

Efforts to control forest and land fires are regulated in Article 20 of the Government Regulation No. 45 of 2004 on Forest Protection, which covers prevention, suppression, and post-fire handling.

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The most effective way to deal with forest and land fires is to prevent fires before they occur. Prevention efforts can be carried out through public awareness raising (socializations) related to the dangers of forest fires, as well as revising laws and regulations relating to licensing on peatlands, and conducting more intensive monitoring on more fire-prone areas.

Fire Suppression

Fire suppression can be carried out in several ways, including: 

  • Construction of firebreaks, i.e., creating paths that are cleared from combustible materials in critical areas to prevent the spread of fire;
  • Manual suppression, or extinguishing fire using firefighting engines and water tanks;
  • Water bombing, i.e., dropping water bombs from helicopters to extinguish fires; and
  • Weather Modification, or using technology to spread salt and generate rain clouds over the burned area.
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Post-fire handling

Post-fire handling refers to all efforts, actions, or activities that include inventory taking, monitoring and evaluation, as well as coordination in order to handle an area after a fire. Post-fire handling can be done by establishing policies on peat restoration, restoring degraded peatlands (rewetting, revegetation, revitalization), and monitoring.

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