National | Updated 30 October 2019

Total Protection of Natural Forests, Peatlands, and Coastal Areas

Joko Widodo
President of the Republic of Indonesia
Category
Restoration Implementation
Status
Ongoing
Pledge Description

President Joko Widodo made 18 pledges in writing within the scope of the environment and natural resources, which Minister of the Environment and Forestry Anies Baswedan read at the 2014 WALHI conference in Jakarta. One of President Widodo’s most interesting pledges was “total protection” of natural forests, peatlands, and coastal areas.

TAMPILKAN SEMUA Deskripsi komitmen
TODAY
30 October
2019
KLHK Perjelas Perhutanan Sosial di Lahan Gambut
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan baru saja menerbitkan Peraturan Menteri No. P.37/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/7/2019...


Learn more
20 October
2019
Karhutla gambut melonjak pada bulan September
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan (KLHK) melalui Direktorat Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan (Dit. PKHL)...


Learn more
16 September
2019
Presiden Joko Widodo Melakukan Rapat Terbatas Mengenai Penanganan Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan
By Joko Widodo

Presiden Joko Widodo mengadakan rapat terbatas yang membahas mengenai langkah-langkah penanganan kebakaran hutan dan...


Learn more
29 October
2018
Pusat Gambut Tropis Resmi Terbentuk
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan (KLHK) meresmikan sekretariat sementara Pusat Gambut Tropis Internasional...


Learn more
18 April
2018
The Government Prepares a Tropical Peatland Research Center
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

The government, through the Research, Development and Innovation Agency of the Ministry of the Environment and Forestry,...


Learn more
17 October
2017
Supreme Court Revokes Peatland Regulation
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

The Supreme Court revoked Minister of Environment and Forestry Regulation No. 17/2017 on Industrial Plantation Forest...


Learn more
13 June
2017
The Minister of the Environment and Forestry Issues a Ministerial Regulation on Government Facilitation of Industrial Plantation Forest Businesses in the Framework of Peatland Ecosystem Protection and Management.
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

This regulation was issued to solve recurring problems in IUPHHK-HTI areas and integrate peatland ecosystem governance...


Learn more
25 April
2017
President Joko Widodo Holds a Meeting to Evaluate Peatland Management
By Joko Widodo

The meeting was held a year after the establishment of BRG. President Joko Widodo conveyed an important point that BRG...


Learn more
27 February
2017
The Minister of the Environment and Forestry Issues a Stipulation on the National Peatland Ecosystem Function Map
By Menteri Lingkungan Hidup

This document stipulates the National Peatland Ecosystem Function Map with a scale of 1:250,000, which will serve as a...


Learn more
27 February
2017
The Minister of the Environment and Forestry Issues a Stipulation on the KHG Map
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

The Ministry of the Environment and Forestry stipulates the National KHG Map with a scale of 1:250,000. This map serves...


Learn more
27 February
2017
Stipulation on the national peatland ecosystem function map
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

This document stipulates the National Peatland Ecosystem Function Map with a scale of 1:250,000, which will serve as a...


Learn more
26 February
2017
The Minister of the Environment and Forestry Issues a Regulation on Industrial Plantation Forest Development
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

Regulation No. 17/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/2/2017 amends Regulation No. 12/MENLHK/2015 on Industrial Plantation Forest...


Learn more
08 February
2017
The Minister of the Environment and Forestry Issues a Regulation on the Procedure for Determining and Cataloging Peatland Ecosystems
By Menteri Lingkungan Hidup

There are three main points stipulated in this regulation:


Learn more
08 February
2017
The Minister of the Environment and Forestry Issues a Regulation on the Procedure for Measuring Groundwater Levels in Peatlands
By Menteri Lingkungan Hidup

This regulation states that groundwater level standards in peatland ecosystems are determined by the director general,...


Learn more
08 February
2017
The Minister of the Environment and Forestry Issues a Regulation on Technical Guidelines for Peatland Ecosystem Recovery
By Menteri Lingkungan Hidup

This regulation was issued to provide technical guidelines on how to restore peatland ecosystems’ natural...


Learn more
22 January
2017
President Joko Widodo Conducts Coordination Meeting on Forest and Land Fire Control
By Joko Widodo

The meeting was attended by representatives from regional governments, the National Armed Forces, and the police, and...


Learn more
10 January
2017
President Joko Widodo Holds Limited Meeting on Peatland Restoration
By Joko Widodo

In a meeting on peatland restoration, President Joko Widodo reminded related ministries and institutions of his aim to...


Learn more
05 December
2016
The Government Strengthens Peatland Protection Regulation
By Joko Widodo

The Indonesian government emphasized the importance of peatland ecosystem protection and management by issuing...


Learn more
Challenge
  1. Unviability of roadmaps to achieve 2020 peatland restoration targets.
  2. Strong protest from palm oil industry business owners requesting to revise the new presidential regulation on peatlands. They requested that the 40cm water level requirement be abolished, because it effectively criminalizes the palm oil industry, including local farmers. They also requested that at least 30% of the peatlands designated as protected areas be  opened for cultivation, because otherwise protection restrictions will “kill” community economies and investment. Business permit holders also objected to the moratorium on land clearing in peatlands, the suspension of new permit allocations in peatlands, and the government takeover of land management in burnt areas. In addition to palm oil businesses, the Association of Indonesian Pulp and Paper is against Presidential Regulation No. 57/2017, because it threatens the pulp and paper industry in Indonesia. They asked the government to remove the constraints on the  competitiveness of Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry, which contributed IDR 5.3 billion to the economy in 2015.
  3. No integration of policies related to protection of natural forests, peatlands and coastal areas. For example, Regulation No. 17/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/2/2017 stipulates that 40% of swapped lands should be designated for community management. However, Ministerial Regulation No. 40/2017 on Land Swaps does not address this.
  4. Lack of coordination between stakeholders. In accordance with the business land swap policy, the change of land management status for cultivation or protection requires stakeholders’ coordination at local and national levels, which will be administratively and politically difficult to undertake. The change of land management status will allow management procedures to change; land permitted for cultivation will be converted to protected land. Subsequently, the Supreme Court revoked Ministerial Regulation No.17/2017 on HTI Development based on a plea for judicial review from the Regional Executive Board of the Confederation of All Indonesian Trade Unions (KSPSI) in Riau. This limits the effectiveness of Regulation No. 40/2017 on Land Swaps.
TAMPILKAN SEMUA tantangan
National Solution Recommendations
  1. Unviability of roadmaps to achieve 2020 peatland restoration targets.
  2. Strong protest from palm oil industry business owners requesting to revise the new presidential regulation on peatlands. They requested that the 40cm water level requirement be abolished, because it effectively criminalizes the palm oil industry, including local farmers. They also requested that at least 30% of the peatlands designated as protected areas be  opened for cultivation, because otherwise protection restrictions will “kill” community economies and investment. Business permit holders also objected to the moratorium on land clearing in peatlands, the suspension of new permit allocations in peatlands, and the government takeover of land management in burnt areas. In addition to palm oil businesses, the Association of Indonesian Pulp and Paper is against Presidential Regulation No. 57/2017, because it threatens the pulp and paper industry in Indonesia. They asked the government to remove the constraints on the  competitiveness of Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry, which contributed IDR 5.3 billion to the economy in 2015.
  3. No integration of policies related to protection of natural forests, peatlands and coastal areas. For example, Regulation No. 17/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/2/2017 stipulates that 40% of swapped lands should be designated for community management. However, Ministerial Regulation No. 40/2017 on Land Swaps does not address this.
  4. Lack of coordination between stakeholders. In accordance with the business land swap policy, the change of land management status for cultivation or protection requires stakeholders’ coordination at local and national levels, which will be administratively and politically difficult to undertake. The change of land management status will allow management procedures to change; land permitted for cultivation will be converted to protected land. Subsequently, the Supreme Court revoked Ministerial Regulation No.17/2017 on HTI Development based on a plea for judicial review from the Regional Executive Board of the Confederation of All Indonesian Trade Unions (KSPSI) in Riau. This limits the effectiveness of Regulation No. 40/2017 on Land Swaps.
TAMPILKAN SEMUA solusi