South Sumatra | Updated 02 September 2018

An Asian Games Free of Forest Fires

Joko Widodo
President of the Republic of Indonesia
Category
Restoration Implementation
Status
Not completed
Pledge Description

President Joko Widodo requested all stakeholders’ cooperation in ensuring that the Asian Games 2018 sporting event is not disrupted by haze due to forest and land fires. This statement was delivered during the National Coordination Meeting on Forest and Land Fire Control on Tuesday, 6 February 2018, which was attended by ministers, governors, regents, mayors, commanders, police, and forestry agencies.

President Joko Widodo is quoted as saying: “I need to stress that haze must not be present during the event. There must not be forest and land fires, which could ruin our image and disrupt aviation.”

The president followed his statement with assignments for all related parties. First, the president requested that adequate human resources and equipment be prepared to prevent forest and land fires from occurring this year, in particular during the Asian Games commencing on 18 August 2018. Based on the latest regulation – Minister of the Environment and Forestry Regulation No. 32/2016 – security forces are a part of the Forest and Land Fire Control National Task Force. The Minister of the Environment and Forestry presides over the task force, whose members include the: Head of the National Agency for Disaster Response, Minister of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning, Minister of Health, Commander of the Indonesian Armed Forces, Chief of the National Police, Head of the Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Head of the Geospatial Information Agency, Head of the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space, and/or other ministries or agencies related to forest and land fire control as their interest and authority allows.

Second, the president requested that governors ensure the necessary infrastructure is prepared to prevent forest and land fires in their respective areas.

Third, the president requested that forest and land fire perpetrators to be held accountable for their legal violations fairly, based on both civil and criminal law.

Such thorough preparation for forest and land fires is a response to the Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency’s prediction that Indonesia will be in the peak of dry season while hosting the Asian Games.  This will increase the temperature and the chance of fires, particularly in fire-prone areas such as peatlands. The 2018 Asian Games will take place from 18 August to 2 September in two main cities: Jakarta and Palembang, South Sumatra.

TAMPILKAN SEMUA Deskripsi komitmen
TODAY
02 September
2018
Responding to Forest and Land Fires during the Asian Games
By Pantau Gambut

The 18th Annual Asian Games in Palembang ran without any significant disruptions, despite concerns about haze due to...


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27 August
2018
Fires Are Fought; Legal Repercussions for Perpetrators Remain Unknown
By Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD) Sumsel

Several major attempts to fight fires through air and land patrols were made over the last week in South Sumatra, where...


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20 August
2018
Hotspots flare up as Asian Games takes place
By Pantau Gambut

During the Asian Games, hundreds of hot spots continued to arise in South Sumatra and nearby provinces.


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09 August
2018
BNPB Creates an Integrated Map for Forest and Land Fire Response
By Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNBP)

BNPB created an operational map to guide fire response in the lead up to and during the 2018 Asian Games in South...


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24 July
2018
Fire Spots Detected in Priority Restoration and Asian Games Host Province
By Pantau Gambut

Coming into dry season, Pantau Gambut detected 539 fire spots in peatland restoration priority provinces, according to...


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04 July
2018
The National Agency for Disaster Response Reveals Its Forest and Land Fire Strategy for the Asian Games
By Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNBP)

The National Agency for Disaster Response (BNPB) prepared several action plans to anticipate forest and land fires,...


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27 May
2018
Alert Status Spreads Across Fire-prone Areas
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

Several regions have declared emergency alerts for forest and land fires. Such declarations are expected to increase...


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20 May
2018
The Government Ensures Peat is Wet for Haze-free Asian Games
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

The government, through the Ministry of the Environment and Forestry and BRG, recommitted to preventing forest and land...


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21 April
2018
Action Plan to Prepare for 2018 Forest and Land Fires is Developed
By Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

The Ministry of the Environment and Forestry (KLHK) prepared an action plan to curb forest and land fires in 2018 in...


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Challenge

The negative experience of the 2015 fires has brought many institutions together to create recent forest and land fire response plans, especially with emergency fire alerts active during the Asian Games. Since there are more institutions involved, clarity in terms of authority, coordination, and funding mechanisms is crucial. Several current challenges include:

  1. Coordination among units established by the central government, private sector, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on the ground
    Field units established by the central government do not have a corresponding structure at the village level. This undermines comprehensive and sustainable forest and land fire prevention and response efforts. The village-level institutions established in several locations, including Peat Care Communities (MPAs), are still voluntary. Village governments tend to heed the instructions of higher-level authorities (i.e. regents) over the instructions of the national government’s field units.
  2. Ineffective early detection and monitoring in fire-prone areas
    The use of real-time hot spot information does not correspond with live patrolling on the ground. As a result, fires can spread faster than authorized parties’ can detect and respond to them.
  3. Misalignment between funding sources and funding plans, undermining effectiveness, efficiency, and regulatory compliance
    Various funding sources, including village funds, are expected to cover costs related to forest and land fire prevention and response efforts. However, disparate capacities among village governments indicate a need for mentorship on how to utilize village funds.
  4. requently, funds are only distributed when forest and land fires have already become a disaster, which naturally slows down fire responses and makes fires more difficult to control. 
    Lack of accountability for permit holders who instigate fires or neglect fire prevention
    The fire response plan in effect during the Asian Games does not include steps to hold forest and land fire perpetrators, especially business permit holders, accountable for fires burning in their concessions.
TAMPILKAN SEMUA tantangan
National Solution Recommendations

The negative experience of the 2015 fires has brought many institutions together to create recent forest and land fire response plans, especially with emergency fire alerts active during the Asian Games. Since there are more institutions involved, clarity in terms of authority, coordination, and funding mechanisms is crucial. Several current challenges include:

  1. Coordination among units established by the central government, private sector, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on the ground
    Field units established by the central government do not have a corresponding structure at the village level. This undermines comprehensive and sustainable forest and land fire prevention and response efforts. The village-level institutions established in several locations, including Peat Care Communities (MPAs), are still voluntary. Village governments tend to heed the instructions of higher-level authorities (i.e. regents) over the instructions of the national government’s field units.
  2. Ineffective early detection and monitoring in fire-prone areas
    The use of real-time hot spot information does not correspond with live patrolling on the ground. As a result, fires can spread faster than authorized parties’ can detect and respond to them.
  3. Misalignment between funding sources and funding plans, undermining effectiveness, efficiency, and regulatory compliance
    Various funding sources, including village funds, are expected to cover costs related to forest and land fire prevention and response efforts. However, disparate capacities among village governments indicate a need for mentorship on how to utilize village funds.
  4. requently, funds are only distributed when forest and land fires have already become a disaster, which naturally slows down fire responses and makes fires more difficult to control. 
    Lack of accountability for permit holders who instigate fires or neglect fire prevention
    The fire response plan in effect during the Asian Games does not include steps to hold forest and land fire perpetrators, especially business permit holders, accountable for fires burning in their concessions.
TAMPILKAN SEMUA solusi